University of Washington School of Public Health
SPH Research Highlights
Vaginal ring may be highly effective against HIV
ASPPH, July 21, 2016
Consistent use of a monthly vaginal ring can significantly reduce the spread of HIV, according to new data analyses led by researchers from the UW School of Public Health.
Traumatic brain injury not linked to Alzheimer’s
ASPPH, July 19, 2016
A large, multi-institution study has found no connection between suffering a traumatic brain injury (TBI) with loss of consciousness and later development of Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Eric Larson and Paul Crane authored the study.
Certain immigrant communities may be at risk for future outbreaks
ASPPH, July 11, 2016
Parents born in certain countries are less likely than others to vaccinate their children, according to a study that analyzed data on about 277,000 children living in Washington state.
Barriers and opportunities for Seattle food waste
ASPPH, July 6, 2016
A new report, led by Jennifer Otten (Nutritional Sciences, HServ), analyzes current food waste prevention and recovery efforts and advises on local strategies.
Disparities in traumatic brain injury care for children
ASPPH, July 6, 2016
Children who suffer traumatic brain injuries, and who are from poorer families that don’t speak English well, may not get the critical care they need. Ali Rowhani-Rahbar (Epi) is a co-author of the study.
Ebola simulation exposes risks to clinical caregivers
ASPPH, June 23, 2016
A new paper coauthored by researchers at the University of Washington School of Public Health documents how a systematic healthcare simulation can help develop clinical care protocols to identify safety threats while caring for infectious patients.
Mapping wealth and diet quality
ASPPH, June 9, 2016
The University of Washington School of Public Health and collaborating institutions have developed a method for measuring socioeconomic status and connecting it to measures of diet quality.
Air pollution harms your heart
The Lancet, June 6, 2016
The MESA Air Study, led by Joel Kaufman (DEOHS), supports the case for global efforts of pollution reduction in prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
Major malaria discovery
ASPPH, June 3, 2016
Severe malaria is responsible for at least 400,000 deaths every year, according to the World Health Organization. The University of Washington teamed up with the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Goa Medical College in India to find out what causes severity in the life-threatening disease.
What UW is doing to fight Zika
Department of Global Health News, May 20, 2016
More than 2.7 billion people live in areas where the Zika Virus may soon spread, with potentially devastating effects for infants born in those areas. In response, faculty from across the University of Washington are working to stop the spread and effects of the Zika virus using a variety of approaches and disciplines.
Cancer drug prices climb after market launch
Health Affairs, May 10, 2016
Researchers found large increases in oral anticancer drug costs even with growing market competition. Sean Sullivan (HSERV) co-authored the report.
Bullying a public health problem
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, May 10, 2016
Bullying is a serious public health problem that occurs in both school settings and digital social spaces, according to a new report chaired by Fred Rivara.
Labor unions offer opportunity for public health innovation
May 6, 2016
A new study led by MPH graduate Jenn Hagedorn finds there is untapped potential for collaboration between public health agencies and labor unions.
New map finds 2 billion people at risk of Zika virus
eLife Sciences, May 3, 2016
A new global map calculating when and where Zika virus is likely to spread shows 2 billion people could be in the Zika zone.
Study addresses widely used drugs for surviving cardiac arrest
New England Journal of Medicine, April 21, 2016
Two heart rhythm medications given by paramedics to patients who failed defibrillation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest improved the likelihood of the patient surviving.
No price increases after Seattle's initial minimum wage hike
SPH News, April 18, 2016
One year after the wage hike took effect, researchers have found scant evidence of any impact on prices – good news from a public health perspective.
High-impact free clinics address unmet health needs
ASPPH Friday Letter, April 13, 2016
Large-scale free clinics such as the Seattle/King County Clinic can play an important role in connecting individuals to services in the community, a new report says.
Researchers to test oral swabs for TB diagnosis
ASPPH Friday Letter, April 6, 2016
Researchers at SPH and the University of Cape Town in South Africa plan to partner on a two-year study to test a lower-cost, simpler and safer method in diagnosing tuberculosis.
Mindfulness meditation eases low back pain
JAMA, March 22, 2016
Chronic low-back pain can be alleviated by mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavioral therapy, according to a study led by Daniel Cherkin.
How a flame retardant exerts its toxic effects
Toxicology Letters, March 16, 2016
New findings led by Lucio Costa shed light on how one flame retardant causes toxicity in the brain.
Team to research diabetes prevention in Latino youth
SPH News, March 11, 2016
Professor Donald Patrick is a member of a team that received a five-year, $3.1 million grant to research diabetes-related disparities among Latino youth.
Changing to low-fat diet improved quality of life in older women
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, March 8, 2016
Changing to a diet low in fat was linked to small but significant improvements in older women’s general health, vitality, and physical ability to perform everyday activities.
Vaginal ring reduces HIV risk in women
New England Journal of Medicine, February 22, 2016
A monthly vaginal ring containing dapivirine reduced the risk of HIV-1 infection among African women.
Outcomes from patient hospitalization after return visits to ER
JAMA, February 16, 2016
A new study co-authored by Professor Anirban Basu questions an increasingly popular metric of hospital performance.
HIV testing among Latino MSM increased after campaign
AIDS and Behavior, February 5, 2016
A multimedia HIV testing campaign targeting Latino men who have sex with men had a "significant and immediate impact" on beliefs and behavior.
Extreme heat in WA increases EMS calls
Environmental Health, January 28, 2016
Higher temperatures and humidity led to increased calls from workers to emergency medical services, according to a new study led by PhD student Miriam Calkins.
Depression screening recommended for adults
Journal of the American Medical Association, January 26, 2016
Professor David Grossman is co-vice chair of a federal task force that recommended all adults be screened for depression.
Review of safe gun storage interventions
Epidemiologic Reviews, January 18, 2016
Researchers analyzed studies of household firearm safety interventions that educated or counseled gun owners on safe firearm storage.
Trauma centers improve outcomes for injured pregnant women
Journal of the American College of Surgeons, January 13, 2016
Pregnant women suffering traumatic injuries experience better maternal and neonatal outcomes if they’re treated at a designated trauma center, a study in WA state finds.
Students choose healthier meals
JAMA Pediatrics, January 4, 2016
The Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act has led to more nutritious school lunches, according to a study led by Donna Johnson.
Promoting employee health through an American Cancer Society program
Preventing Chronic Disease, December 17, 2015
The CEOs Challenge boosted workplace health promotion efforts at 17 large companies.
CDC funds three new health promotion projects
SPH News, December 2, 2015
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has awarded $2.56 million to the School's Health Promotion Research Center to fund three special interest projects.
SPH evaluates Veterans Administration program to improve access to health care
SPH News, December 2, 2015
The School is partnering with the Veterans Administration Office of Analytics and Business Intelligence to evaluate the VA's new clinical management training program.
When should older drivers give up the car keys?
SPH News, December 2, 2015
PhD student Laura Fraade-Blanar is trying to identify the point of cognitive decline at which driving becomes too risky.
Human health and climate change in the Puget Sound region
UW, December 1, 2015
A new report by the University of Washington projects dramatic changes in the Puget Sound region due to climate change; an entire chapter is devoted to the potential effect on human health.
Continuous or interrupted chest compressions during CPR?
New England Journal of Medicine, November 9, 2015
In patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, continuous chest compressions during CPR performed by EMS providers did not result in significantly higher rates of survival than did interrupted chest compressions.
Public health teams with visual design to create infographics
Health Affairs, November 2, 2015
Researchers and visual designers should work together to create infographics that convey complex scientific information to key policymakers.
Self-reported food spending closely tracks receipts
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, October 21, 2015
People are good at estimating how much they spend on food, both in restaurants and at home, which opens the door to new studies in nutrition economics.
Will WA state have enough trained health care providers?
WSU Extension, October 16, 2015
Two new fact sheets shed light on the state's eldercare workforce and policies that would allow older adults to remain in their homes.
Racial disparities in breast cancer diagnosis, treatment
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, October 13, 2015
Women in several racial/ethnic groups are more likely to be diagnosed with more advanced stage breast cancer across major subtypes.
Workplace events boost flu vaccinations among restaurant workers
American Journal of Health Promotion, October 8, 2015
Offering shots at work nearly doubled the percentage of restaurant employees immunized in a small pilot study.
Online calculator helps seniors predict remaining healthy years
Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine, October 8, 2015
Faculty have created an online calculator that helps predict the number of healthy and able years a person has remaining if they are at least 65 years old.
Links Between Race/Ethnicity, Cultural Factors and Cognition
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, October 6, 2015
Race, ethnicity and a number of sociocultural factors were significantly associated with performance on cognitive tests.
Mental health care gaps in Mozambique
BMC Psychiatry, September 23, 2015
Two recent studies highlight the challenges of meeting the mental health care needs in Mozambique, which was recently estimated to have Africa’s highest suicide rate.
Maternal Chronic Stress and Dental Cavities in Children
American Journal of Public Health, September 17, 2015
A study led by PhD student Erin Masterson links biomarkers for chronic maternal stress with a higher prevalence of cavities among children.
Lung Cancer Screening and Smoking Cessation
JAMA Internal Medicine, September 8, 2015
For some people, lung screening actually lowered their motivation to quit smoking.
Are Medical Marijuana Users Different from Recreational Users?
The American Journal on Addictions, September 4, 2015
Researchers explored important clinical characteristics between the two types of users.
Increase of CO2 May Boost Anti-Malarial Plant
Climatic Change, September 1, 2015
On the bright side of climate change: a new study co-authored by Professor Kristie Ebi indicates that increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide could lead to greater growth of artemesinin, a plant used to treat malaria.
Carwash Chemical Hazardous to WA Workers
CDC, August 21, 2015
Hydrofluoric acid, a chemical commonly used in car and truck washes, can be dangerous to workers.
Climate Change and Health on the Gulf Coast
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, August 19, 2015
A public health adaption strategy is essential to reducing threats from climate change along the vulnerable Gulf Coast.
Genetic Variation in Alaska Native People Linked to Warfarin Efficacy
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics, August 5, 2015
Researchers led by Alison Fohner (PhD, Public Health Genetics) found two gene variants in Alaska Native people that could affect how they metabolize the blood-thinning drug warfarin.
Risk Factors for Heat-Related Illness in WA Crop Workers
Journal of Agromedicine, August 3, 2015
Workers who were paid piece rate rather than hourly and who had to walk for more than 3 minutes to a toilet were at higher risk for heat-related illness.
Cancer Patients and Fertility Preservation
Cancer, July 27, 2015
Young adult males with cancer were more than twice as likely as female patients to report that they had discussed options to preserve their fertility before treatment, according to a study co-authored by Stephen Schwartz.
Tackling non-communicable diseases to avoid premature deaths
Huffington Post, July 24, 2015
A new paper by Rachel Nugent for the Copenhagen Consensus Center argues that premature deaths in the developing world could be cut by almost a third.
Opioid Poisonings in WA Linked to Low-Dose Users
Medical Care, July 15, 2015
Overdoses of opioid pain medications frequently occur in people who are prescribed low doses and who aren't chronic users.
Six New Gene Locations for Colorectal Cancer Risk
Nature Communications, July 7, 2015
An international team of researchers has identified six new locations in the human genome where people could be more at risk for colorectal cancer.
Investments Save Millions of Children's Lives
The Lancet, July 2, 2015
More than 34 million children's lives have been saved since 2000 because of investments in child health programs at a cost of as little as $4,205 per child.
Weight Loss, Vitamin D and Inflammation
Cancer Prevention Research, July 1, 2015
Losing weight and taking vitamin D supplements had a greater effect than weight loss alone in reducing the kind of chronic inflammation linked to some cancers.
Biostatisticians Help Pinpoint Ivory Poaching
Science, June 30, 2015
Researchers from our Department of Biostatistics supported a UW study that used DNA analysis to identify elephant poaching hotspots in Africa.
New Center for Health and the Global Environment
ASPPH Friday Letter, June 16, 2015
The UW School of Public Health has opened a new center devoted to developing and promoting innovative approaches to understanding and managing the impact of global environmental change on human health.
Snoring, Lack of Sleep and Poorer Breast Cancer Survival
Sleep, June 10, 2015
Women with breast cancer who were frequent snorers and reported less than six hours of sleep were more than twice as likely to die as women with breast cancer who slept the recommended seven to eight hours a night.
New Guide to Mall-Walking Programs
ASPPH Friday Letter, June 5, 2015
Mall-walking programs show great potential for improving health in older adults with various physical disabilities, according to a new guide from the CDC and our Health Promotion Research Center.
Long-Acting Reversible Contraception in School-Based Health Centers
Journal of Adolescent Health, June 1, 2015
School-based health centers in Seattle overcame billing, provider training and other barriers to successfully provide long-acting reversible contraception for teens who most likely would not have had access to these methods anywhere else.
SPH Joins Alliance to Spur Healthcare Innovation
ASPPH Friday Letter, May 28, 2015
The School received a planning grant from the National Science Foundation to become the sixth site for the Center for Health Organization Transformation, an academic-industry alliance.
Hot, Humid Days Raise Risk of Hospitalization and Death
ASPPH Friday Letter, May 20, 2015
Two recent studies show that hot weather in King County is associated with adverse health outcomes, including hospitalization and death.
Team Studies Health of Copper River Fishermen
ASPPH Friday Letter, May 15, 2015
In a pilot study, researchers are looking at the overall fitness and health risks faced by gillnet fishermen along Alaska's Copper River, famous for its salmon.
Evaluating Farmers' Market Incentives
ASPPH Friday Letter, May 8, 2015
The Center for Public Health Nutrition will help evaluate a program designed to boost consumption of fruits and vegetables among people with low income.
SPH Authors Produce 'Farm-to-Fork' Report
ASPPH Friday Letter, May 7, 2015
Many things can be done to improve America's complex food systems in ways that align with public health and nutrition goals, according to a new report for the President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition.
Reducing School Bus Pollution Improves Children's Health
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, May 1, 2015
Use of clean fuels and updated pollution control measures in school buses could result in 14 million fewer absences from school a year, according to a new study.
SPH Coordinates National Healthy Brain Research Network
ASPPH Friday Letter, April 30, 2015
The Health Promotion Research Center has been named the Coordinating Center of the new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Healthy Brain Research Network.
Lack of Support to Turn Nutrition Research into Policy
Preventing Chronic Disease, April 30, 2015
Some of the barriers to policy communication – especially in an academic setting – included lack of formal training and a "promotion process and professional culture that does not value the practice," the study says.
Cameras, Cellphone Blocking Could Reduce Teen Distracted Driving
Pediatric Academic Societies, April 27, 2015
Blocking cellphones inside of cars and using cameras that filmed teen drivers when braking or swerving hard reduced distracted driving by nearly 80 percent.
Obesity Linked to Increased Risk of Prostate Cancer in African-American Men
JAMA Oncology, April 16, 2015
The risk for African-American men quadrupled as their body-mass index increased.
Percentage of Children Eating Fast Food Drops
JAMA Pediatrics, March 31, 2015
A lower percentage of children are eating fast food on any given day and calories consumed by children from burger, pizza and chicken fast-food restaurants also has dropped.
More EMS Providers at Scene, Better Heart Attack Survival
Resuscitation, March 26, 2015
Dispatching 7 or 8 emergency medical services providers to a cardiac arrest scene improves the odds a life will be saved.
WHO Goals on Sodium, Potassium 'Unfeasible'
BMJ Open, March 20, 2015
Only three in 1,000 Americans meet World Health Organization guidelines for limiting salt intake and getting enough potassium.
Early Imaging for Older Adults with Back Pain
Journal of the American Medical Association, March 17, 2015
Older people with back pain who received early x-rays, CT scans or MRIs were no better off, but they had higher medical costs.
Aspirin, Colon Cancer and Your Genes
Journal of the American Medical Association, March 17, 2015
Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can protect against some cancers, but it depends on a person's DNA.
Interpreting Breast Biopsy Specimens
Journal of the American Medical Association, March 17, 2015
Pathologists generally agreed on cases of invasive cancer, but differed widely on more subtle abnormalities.
Swab Test Holds Promise for Detecting Tuberculosis
Scientific Reports, March 2, 2015
Researchers have helped develop a protocol to test for TB in easy-to-obtain oral swab samples, greatly improving upon existing detection methods.
Green Space, Physical Activity and Mental Health
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, February 23, 2015
A study led by PhD student Hannah Cohen-Cline found that greater access to green space is associated with less depression in twins.
Gunshot Victims at Risk for Future Violent Victimization
Annals of Internal Medicine, February 23, 2015
People injured by gunshot wounds in WA state were at far greater risk of returning to the hospital with ensuing firearm-related injuries.
Evaluating Public Health Impact Assessments
Preventing Chronic Disease, February 19, 2015
Health Impact Assessments are useful tools to promote public health because they raise awareness of health issues among decision-makers, a new study says.
Intervention Targets Binge Drinking Among Latino Men
Substance Abuse/ASPPH, February 5, 2015
A culturally adapted intervention could reduce unhealthy drinking among Latino immigrants.
Evidence Bears Out Predictive Model of Pesticides in Diet
Environmental Health Perspectives, February 5, 2015
A new study suggests that eating organically grown vegetables will lower pesticide levels in your body.
Certain Over-the-Counter Drugs Linked to Dementia
JAMA Internal Medicine, January 26, 2015
Certain kinds of common medications, including antihistamines such as Benadryl, were linked to a significantly increased risk for developing dementia.
Lessons Learned from WA's Prescription Opioid Epidemic
American Journal of Public Health, January 21, 2015
Strong collaborations led to a substantial reversal of the epidemic in Washington state.
Menu Label Law Raised Awareness of Calories
American Journal of Public Health, January 20, 2015
Awareness of calorie counts tripled after a King County menu-labeling law took effect for fast-food restaurants.
Recommendations for Low-Back Pain Research
HSNewsBeat, January 16, 2015
Adopting a more uniform research approach could lead to greater and faster progress for preventing and treating low-back pain.
Food Safety Spending Linked to Reduction in Illness
American Journal of Public Health, December 31, 2014
More spending by local health departments on food safety and sanitation was strongly associated with fewer cases of foodborne illness.
Teens Have Easy Access to Guns
JAMA Psychiatry, December 30, 2014
One-third of U.S. teens lived in homes with easy access to guns, even when they had mental health problems.
$65 Million Grant for Healthier Washington Project
SPH News, December 29, 2014
The School will play a key role in monitoring and evaluating the State of Washington's transformative Healthier Washington project.
Life Expectancy Increases Globally
The Lancet, December 18, 2014
Global life expectancy increased more than six years between 1990 and 2013, according to a new study led by Christopher Murray and the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation.
Polio Game Boosts Interest in Public Health
Games for Health Journal, November 25, 2014
A life-size 'polio eradication game' may increase interest and awareness in global health.
Effect of Anti-HIV Medication on Pregnancy, Birth Outcomes
Journal of the American Medical Association, November 13, 2014
Taking anti-HIV medication did not result in significant differences in pregnancies, birth outcomes and infant growth among heterosexual African couples where the male was HIV-positive and the female was not.
Sickle Cell Gene Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease
Journal of the American Medical Association, November 13, 2014
African-Americans who inherit the sickle cell gene have an increased risk for chronic kidney disease.
Political Polarization and Health Insurance
National Bureau of Economic Research, November 10, 2014
Political views may play a role in whether uninsured Washington residents decide to sign up for health insurance through the state's marketplace.
Worksite Property Values Linked to More Walking
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, November 6, 2014
Employees also walked more and ate more fruits and vegetables if they worked in neighborhoods with a greater density of residential units.
Chest Radiation for Childhood Wilms Tumor Linked to Increased Risk of Breast Cancer
Cancer, November 4, 2014
Young girls who survived Wilms tumor, a rare childhood kidney cancer, were at higher risk for breast cancer later in life because of their exposure to radiation, according to a study led by Norman Breslow.
Health-Care Providers Prefer E-mail for Public Health Alerts
Public Health Reports, November 1, 2014
Most health care providers prefer receiving public health alerts and advisories by e-mail, but younger providers favor text messages.
Impact of New Technology on 911 Call Centers
ASPPH Friday Letter, October 29, 2014
The School received a four-year $1.8 million grant to investigate the impact of new digital technologies on 911 call center workers.
Risks of Taking Prescription Opioids Outweigh Benefits
Neurology, September 30, 2014
The risks of taking prescription opioids for chronic non-cancer pain such as headaches and low back pain outweigh the benefits, according to a new position statement from the American Academy of Neurology.
Climate Change Poses Opportunities for Public Health
Journal of the American Medical Association, September 22, 2014
Reducing fossil fuel use and adapting to climate change already underway could result in major health benefits.
Vaccination Rates Not Affected by Pertussis Outbreak
JAMA Pediatrics, September 17, 2014
A whooping cough epidemic in 2012 in Washington state did not significantly change statewide vaccination rates.
High-fiber Laxatives Linked to Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer
American Journal of Gastroenterology, September 16, 2014
A study led by PhD student Jessica Citronberg found frequent use of fiber-based laxatives reduces the risk for colorectal cancer while use of non-fiber laxatives increases the risk.
Millions of Unnecessary Antibiotics Prescribed to Children
Pediatrics, September 15, 2014
Doctors prescribed antibiotics to children with respiratory tract infections at nearly twice the expected rate.
More Health Symptoms Reported Near Fracking Sites
Environmental Health Perspectives, September 10, 2014
Residents living close to natural gas wells reported more skin conditions and upper respiratory symptoms than those living more than 2 km away.
Key Lessons for Health Payment Reform
Milbank Quarterly, September 9, 2014
A UW evaluation team found four key lessons in implementing value-based health payment reform.
No Link between Bras and Breast Cancer
Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, September 5, 2014
A case-control study led by a UW SPH doctoral student found no association between wearing bras and increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women.
Collaborative Care Improves Depression in Teens
Journal of the American Medical Association, September 3, 2014
Teenagers showed improvements in their symptoms of depression after a year-long collaborative care intervention.
National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Receives $19.7 Million Grant
ASPPH Friday Letter, August 28, 2014
The National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center in the Department of Epidemiology has received funding for another five years at $19.7 million
Low-wage Workers Would Welcome Wellness Initiatives
American Journal of Health Promotion, August 27, 2014
Low-wage employees would welcome workplace health promotion and believe it increases productivity and morale to the benefit of employers.
Mammograms Benefit Women 75 and Older
Radiology, August 5, 2014
Regular mammograms for women 75 and older detects cancer in earlier stages, according to a new study led by Dr. Judith Malmgren, affiliate assistant professor of epidemiology.
Study Sheds Light on Why HIV is a Persistent Infection
Science, August 1, 2014
HIV persistence despite antiretroviral treatment depends in part on which human genes the virus integrates.
Fast Food Provides 14 Percent of Kids' Calories
PLOS One, July 25, 2014
Children get 14 percent of their calories from fast-food restaurants, with burger joints leading the way, says a study from the School's Center for Public Health Nutrition.
Young Hispanics See Rise in Testicular Cancer
Cancer, July 14, 2014
Testicular cancer is rising dramatically among young Hispanic men, according to a new study co-authored by Dr. Stephen Schwartz, professor of epidemiology.
Infant Diet Exceeds EPA Guidelines for Phthalate Exposure
Environmental Health, July 3, 2014
New findings show that adolescents and infants may be especially vulnerable to high exposures of endocrine-disrupting phthalates in their diet, exceeding even the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's guidelines.
Steroid Injections Offer Little Relief for Spinal Stenosis
New England Journal of Medicine, July 3, 2014
Steroid injections for a common form of back and leg pain known as spinal stenosis may have little or no benefit for patients.
Immunization Hesitancy Linked to Topical Fluoride Refusal
American Journal of Public Health, July 1, 2014
Parents who refused to immunize their children also tended to turn down fluoride treatments for them.
Health Department Cuts Linked to Low Birth Weights
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, June 20, 2014
Cuts in local health department spending on maternal and child health programs are linked to increased rates of underweight babies.
Heat-Related Illness in WA Agriculture, Forestry Workers
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, June 20, 2014
Heat-related illnesses in agricultural and forestry workers in Washington state are an important public health problem and likely under-recognized and under-reported.
Kit System Estimates High MRSA Levels in Fire Stations
American Journal of Infection Control, June 1, 2014
A new kit system developed by environmental health researchers turned up evidence that the MRSA "superbug" contaminates living areas in WA state fire stations and may pose risks to the health of fire personnel.
Nearly One-Third of World is Overweight or Obese
The Lancet, May 29, 2014
More than 2 billion people are either obese or overweight, presenting a major global public health epidemic.
Airport Pollution Travels Much Farther than Thought
Environmental Science and Technology, May 29, 2014
School of Public Health researchers contributed to a recent study that suggests air pollution from jets could be a much greater health risk than was formerly thought.
Many Travelers Who Fell Ill Didn't Seek Health Advice
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, May 29, 2014
More than half of Seattle-area travelers who went abroad and fell ill never sought health-related advice before they left, according to a new study led by Dr. Atar Baer.
Marijuana-Using Drivers and Their Passengers
JAMA Pediatrics, May 12, 2014
More under-age high school students drive after using marijuana than after drinking, says a study co-authored by Frederick Rivara.
Right-Heart Changes Linked to Air Pollution
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, May 1, 2014
Air pollution from traffic was associated with changes in the right side of the human heart.
Public Health and the Prevention of War
American Journal of Public Health, April 17, 2014
Public health practitioners and academics have an obligation to take a lead role in the prevention of war, says a new report co-authored by Amy Hagopian.
Study Explores Why Most Boaters Won't Wear Life Jackets
Injury Prevention, March 31, 2014
Most adults don't wear life jackets when boating in western Washington state, but they are more likely to put one on when a child is on board.
Study Predicts When Herpes Least Likely to be Transmitted
Journal of the Royal Society, March 26, 2014
Antiviral therapies that maintain viral load below a certain level could prevent most if not all transmissions of herpes.
Selenium, Vitamin E Supplements Linked to Prostate Cancer
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, March 26, 2014
Some men who take high doses of selenium and vitamin E supplements could increase their risk of aggressive prostate cancer.
Vaccination Limits Severity of Pertussis
Clinical Infectious Diseases , March 14, 2014
Young people vaccinated against pertussis but who still contracted the disease recovered more rapidly than other pertussis patients.
Distance to Supermarket Makes No Difference to Diet
American Journal of Public Health, March 13, 2014
Only one-third of shoppers in the Seattle area regularly went to the closest supermarket.
Soda Taxes Do Little to Decrease Obesity
Health Economics, March 10, 2014
A new study casts doubt on whether taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages reduce obesity.
Two Spine Surgeons Three Times Safer Than One
Spine Deformity, March 3, 2014
New research with Group Health and Virginia Mason shows patients were three times less likely to develop major complications when two spine surgeons were in the operating room and other factors were at play.
Frequent Massage Works Best for Neck Pain
Annals of Family Medicine, March 1, 2014
Several 60-minute massages per week for four weeks were more effective in treating chronic neck pain than fewer or shorter sessions.
Depression May Increase Diabetes' Patients Risk of Kidney Failure
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, March 1, 2014
Diabetes patients suffering major depression were nearly twice as likely to experience end-stage kidney disease.
High School Athletes Often Play with Concussions
American Journal of Sports Medicine, February 25, 2014
Sixty-nine percent of high school athletes who had concussions reported playing with symptoms, and 40 percent reported their coaches weren't aware.
Repeat Domestic Violence More Likely When Weapons Used
Violence Against Women, February 23, 2014
Men who used a weapon against their female partners were more likely to commit a follow-up act of violence.
Strengthening Post-Market Safety Surveillance
Gates Foundation, February 17, 2014
A new report calls for strategies to ensure the safety and effectiveness of new drugs and vaccines in low- and middle-income countries.
Eating Fatty Fish Linked to Reduced Risk of Death
American Journal of Epidemiology, February 3, 2014
People who consumed high levels of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids -- found in dark fish and fish-oil supplements -- tended to live longer.
Girls Frequently Play Soccer with Concussion Symptoms
JAMA Pediatrics, January 20, 2014
Concussions are common among middle-school girls who play soccer, and most girls continue playing through their symptoms.
New Drug Targets Genital Herpes
New England Journal of Medicine, January 16, 2014
A new drug shows effectiveness against the virus that causes genital herpes, according to a study led by Dr. Anna Wald.
Global Smokers Grow to Nearly 1 Billion
Journal of the American Medical Association, January 8, 2014
Global population growth and high smoking rates among males in some countries are driving the increase, according to a new study led by Dr. Marie Ng.
Exercise Program for Seniors Lowers Healthcare Costs
ASPPH Friday Letter, December 20, 2013
Lower health care costs, fewer unplanned hospitalizations, and fewer deaths among Medicare enrollees were results suggested by evidence from a report on a community-based exercise program for older adults.
Pay-for-Performance Did Not Affect Quality of Care
Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation, December 20, 2013
A large-scale, state-wide, pay-for-performance program among physician group practices in Washington State found no significant positive effect on general clinical quality.
Exercise May Slow Decline in Kidney Function
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, December 12, 2013
Exercise could have a powerful effect on maintaining the health of patients with kidney disease.
Clues for Future HIV Vaccines
New England Journal of Medicine, November 28, 2013
Results of a clinical trial for a preventive HIV vaccine were disappointing, but should provide useful information as new vaccine regimens are developed.
Study Reveals Childhood Clues for Later Risk of STD
Journal of Adolescent Health, November 23, 2013
Children who enjoyed school, grew up in well-managed households, and had friends who stayed out of trouble reported fewer sexually transmitted diseases as young adults.
Framework for Investing in Women's and Children's Health
The Lancet, November 19, 2013
Increasing health expenditures by $5 per person per year up to 2035 in 74 high-burden countries could yield up to nine times that value in economic and social benefits.
A Case for Investment in Women's and Children's Health
The Lancet, November 19, 2013
Increasing health expenditures by $5 per person per year over the next two decades in 74 countries could yield up to nine times that value in economic and social benefits.
Use of Breast MRI Nearly Triples
JAMA Internal Medicine, November 18, 2013
The number of women using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) nearly tripled from 2005 to 2009, according to a study led by Dr. Karen J. Wernli.
Maternal Smoking May Harm Infant Immunity
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, November 15, 2013
Maternal smoking is associated with both respiratory and non-respiratory infections in infants, resulting in increased risk for hospitalization and death, according to a study led by former PhD student Michael Metzger.
Two Pesticides Linked to Reproductive Disease
Environmental Health Perspectives, November 5, 2013
Two organochloride pesticides were associated with an increased risk of endometriosis, a condition that can lead to infertility. Research was led by Dr. Kristen Upson, former PhD student in epidemiology.
Caregiver Stress Depends Largely on Genes, Upbringing
Annals of Behavioral Medicine, November 1, 2013
Associations between caregiving and different types of psychological distress depend largely on a person's genes and upbringing, and less so on the difficulty of caregiving.
Panel Recommends More Research on Concussions
IOM News, October 30, 2013
Drs. Fred Rivara and Nancy Temkin were members of a national panel on concussions recommending more data, better helmets and a change of culture in youth sports.
New Estimates of Iraq War Deaths
PLOS Medicine, October 15, 2013
A new study led by Amy Hagopian estimates nearly half a million people died from war-related causes in Iraq from 2003 to 2011.
Study Highlights Timely Immunization for Measles
JAMA Pediatrics, October 14, 2013
Delaying administration of vaccines containing measles could increase the already small risk of seizures.
Genetic Variants and Esophageal Cancer Risk
Nature Genetics, October 13, 2013
SPH researchers co-led an international consortium that has identified four genetic variants associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer and its precursor.
Obesity Linked to Socioeconomic Status
International Journal of Obesity, October 8, 2013
A new UW study uses health-care records and census tract data to link obesity to socioeconomic status in King County.
Attitude on Healthy Eating Matters More than Where You Shop
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, October 7, 2013
Having a positive attitude towards healthy foods may be more important to diet quality than where people shop for groceries.
Less Blood Clot Risk Linked to Estradiol than Premarin Pills
JAMA Internal Medicine, September 30, 2013
Women who used estradiol to relieve menopause symptoms had less risk of developing blood clots in their legs and lungs than they did when using conjugated equine estrogens.
Microneedles Devised for Easy-to-Use TB Skin Test
Advanced Healthare Materials, August 26, 2013
A UW team has created tiny, biodegradable needles for diagnosing tuberculosis that promise to be easier to use, more accurate, and less painful than hypodermic needles.
Family History of Diabetes Associated with Risk of Pancreatic Cancer
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, August 21, 2013
Having a parent, sibling, or offspring with diabetes was associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer.
Annual Stool-Based Tests an Alternative to Colonoscopy
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, August 8, 2013
Most people can avoid the need for invasive colorectal cancer screening tests, such as colonoscopy, by following a regimen of annual stool-based tests.
Dementia Linked to Blood Sugar Level
New England Journal of Medicine, August 7, 2013
Higher blood glucose levels are associated with a greater risk for dementia, even among people without diabetes.
Lack of Awareness of Good Samaritan Overdose Law
Journal of Urban Health, July 31, 2013
Few Seattle police officers and paramedics knew about a Good Samaritan drug overdose law a year after it was enacted, and those who did had mixed opinions about it.
Phthalates May Alter Risk of Reproductive Disease
Environmental Health, July 25, 2013
Phthalates, man-made chemicals used in a variety of products, may have endocrine-disruptive effects in reproductive-age women, increasing or decreasing their risk of endometriosis.
Unemployment Level Affects Health Care Choices
Health Services Research, July 16, 2013
A 1 percent increase in a state's unemployment rate is associated with a 1.58 percent decrease in preventive care services utilized, researchers found.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Linked to Risk of Prostate Cancer
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, July 10, 2013
Scientists have confirmed that high levels of omega-3 fatty acids increase the risk of prostate cancer.
Vitamin D and Heart Disease Link Varies by Race
Journal of the American Medical Association, July 10, 2013
Low levels of vitamin D were associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease in Whites and Chinese, but not in African-Americans or Hispanics.
Shared Values Lead to Successful Nutrition Policy Strategies
Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, June 19, 2013
Unlikely allies should consider forming strategic partnerships based on shared values to create successful nutrition policy agendas, according to a study led by the Center for Public Health Nutrition.
Whole Genome Sequence and Human Traits
Nature Genetics, June 16, 2013
The architecture of the genome can define traits that affect our bodies and our health - even the levels of so-called "good cholesterol."
Weekly Yoga Classes Effective in Reducing Back Pain in Low-Income Minorities
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, June 13, 2013
Once-a-week yoga classes were effective in easing back pain in predominantly low-income, minority adults.
Group Therapy Helps Survivors of Sexual Violence
New England Journal of Medicine, June 6, 2013
A form of group therapy proved extraordinarily effective in helping women who have been exposed to sexual violence in the Congo.
Acute Kidney Infection Linked to Use of Fluoroquinolones
CMAJ, June 3, 2013
Men who used oral fluoroquinolones, a commonly prescribed antibiotic, have a small, but significant increased risk of acute kidney infection.
When Good Cholesterol Turns Bad
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, June 1, 2013
Diesel exhaust may prevent good cholesterol from battling the bad, artery-clogging cholesterol connected to heart attack and stroke.
Comparing Health Payment Reform Projects
Health Affairs, June 1, 2013
Researchers compared eight diverse health payment reform projects across six states to learn what helps and what hinders their successful implementation.
Joint Supplements May Prevent Colorectal Cancer
Cancer Causes & Control, June 1, 2013
Glucosamine and chondroitin, two popular supplements for joint pain, may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, a new study finds.
Bullying Among WA State Youths
American Journal of Public Health, May 16, 2013
Bullying because of perceived sexual orientation is prevalent among school-aged youths.
Potatoes and Beans Provide Most Nutrients Per Penny
PLOS One, May 15, 2013
Potatoes and beans are the most popular low-cost sources of potassium and fiber for school children, according to a study by the Center for Public Health Nutrition.
Children Who Miss Well-Child Visits More Likely to Be Hospitalized
American Journal of Managed Care, May 10, 2013
Young children who missed more than half of recommended well-child visits had up to twice the risk of being hospitalized as children who attended most of their visits.
Eating Peppers May Lower Risk of Parkinson's
Annals of Neurology, May 9, 2013
Eating peppers and other foods that contain nicotine may lower the risk of Parkinson's disease.
Breast Cancer Survivors Not Exercising Enough
HemOnc Today, May 6, 2013
Most breast cancer survivors do not meet national exercise recommendations, and their activity declines over time.
Air Pollution Linked to Hardening of Arteries
PLoS Medicine, April 23, 2013
Long-term exposure to air pollution may be linked to heart attacks and strokes by speeding up atherosclerosis.
Racial, Geographic Differences in End-of-Life Kidney Care
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, April 21, 2013
African-Americans with kidney failure were more likely than white patients to continue dialysis and less likely to be referred to hospice care, differences pronounced in regions with high levels of end-of-life Medicare spending.
Walkable Neighborhoods May Not Increase Walking
Health & Place, April 19, 2013
Neighborhood walkability was not independently associated with greater walking among post-menopausal women when individual characteristics such as income and education were taken into account.
Walking Speed and Early Death in Kidney Disease Patients
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, April 18, 2013
Patients with chronic kidney disease who had slower walking speeds had a greater risk of death, according to a study by Baback Roshanravan and colleagues.
Most US Women Don't Get Paid Maternity Leave
Maternal Child Health Journal, April 13, 2013
Most women receive limited paid leave every year to manage health-related family issues, says a study led by PhD student Megan Shepherd-Banigan.
Physical Activity Drops Over Time for Breast Cancer Survivors
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, April 10, 2013
Most breast cancer survivors do not meet minimum recommendations for physical activity and their activity levels decline significantly after 10 years.
Mammograms Every Two Years Best for Women 50-74
JAMA Internal Medicine, March 26, 2013
Women ages 50-74 who received a mammogram every two years rather than annually are not at increased risk of developing advanced breast cancer or large tumors.
Colon Cancer Screening Doubles Using e-Health Records
Annals of Internal Medicine, March 5, 2013
Screening for colorectal cancer doubled when patients who had not been screened regularly were identified though electronic health records and contacted automatically by mail.
Diet Contributes to Phthalate and BPA Exposures
Nature Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, February 27, 2013
A study led by Sheela Sathyanarayana finds we may be exposed to bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates in our diet.
Changing TV Content Can Improve Children's Behavior
Pediatrics, February 18, 2013
Parents of preschool-aged children who switched to less violent screen content found their children behaved better, according to a study led by Dimitri Christakis.
Many Patients Misunderstand Intrauterine Contraception
Contraception, February 10, 2013
Most women seeking primary care have inaccurate perceptions about the effectiveness and safety of intrauterine contraception.
Night Shifts Linked to Ovarian Cancer
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, January 23, 2013
Working night shifts was linked to an increased risk of ovarian cancer in women 50 or older, according to a study led by Parveen Bhatti.
Deep-Fried Foods Linked to Risk of Prostate Cancer
The Prostate, January 17, 2013
Regularly eating certain deep-fried foods is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer, says a new study by SPH and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.
Less Reaction to Vaccines When Given in Children's Thighs
Pediatrics, January 14, 2013
Injection in the thigh rather than the arm is associated with fewer local reactions to the DTaP vaccine in children 12 to 35 months old, says a study led by Lisa Jackson.
Heroin Overdose Antidote Kits Cost Effective
Annals of Internal Medicine, January 1, 2013
Distribution of heroin overdose antidote kits containing naloxone is likely to reduce overdose deaths and is highly cost-effective.
Lung Cancer Mortality in African-Americans Linked with Segregation
JAMA Surgery, January 1, 2013
The rate of lung cancer deaths is higher in African-Americans than Whites and highest in African-Americans living in the most segregated counties, a new study finds.
Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
The Lancet, December 13, 2012
The largest study of its kind shows that people are living longer but suffering from more disability from chronic diseases and injuries such as back and neck pain.
Tire Traction and Lower Back Pain
Journal of Safety Research, December 1, 2012
Ergonomics researchers have found that the type of traction chain used on heavy equipment vehicles can impact a driver's exposure to whole body vibration.
Commitment from Gil Omenn, Martha Darling for Genetics Research
November 29, 2012
A new research project fund at the Institute for Public Health Genetics has gotten a kick-start with a $100,000 commitment from former SPH Dean Gil Omenn and his wife Martha Darling. The first project will focus on evaluating potential gene and drug interactions, for example between long-term use of medications and disorders such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.
A Promising Public Health Dentistry Model for Cameroon
Human Resources for Health, November 26, 2012
Cameroon could expand access to oral health care by using more mid-level dental providers, according to a study led by Global Health MPH graduate Leo Achembong.
Low-Level Air Pollution has Modest Effect on Fetal Growth
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, November 16, 2012
Exposure to low levels of air pollution in the Puget Sound area has modest effects on fetal growth, with important public health implications, says a study led by Sheela Sathyanarayana.
Janitors and Cleaners Most Likely to Get the Flu
PLoS One Journal, November 12, 2012
Janitors, cleaners and secretaries appear to be more likely to catch the flu, while truck drivers and construction workers are least likely.
Vitamin D May Help Prevent Tooth Decay
Nutrition Reviews, November 9, 2012
Vitamin D is associated with lower rates of tooth decay, according to a review of two dozen studies by Philippe Hujoel.
Study Links Particulate Matter to Atherosclerosis
Journal of the American College of Cardiology, November 1, 2012
Long-term exposure to air pollution may be a risk factor for vascular diseases, according to a new study led by research scientist Ranjini Krishnan.
Overcoming Barriers to Home Dialysis for Kidney Patients
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, October 4, 2012
Only a fraction of patients with kidney disease use home hemodialysis, despite its benefits and cost-effectiveness, says a review led by Bessie Young.
Food Deserts Exist in Seattle Area for Those without Cars
American Journal of Public Health, October 1, 2012
"Food deserts" dramatically increase in the Seattle area if you take away the car and factor in walking.
School Awards Pilot Grants To Meet Challenges of 21st Century
SPH News, September 28, 2012
How does Twitter affect obesity? How can we engage diverse groups on the issue of climate change and health? These are some of the research studies funded by five innovative pilot grants just awarded by the School.
Vaccine Efficacy Increased against Certain HIV Viruses
Nature, September 10, 2012
Scientists co-led by Paul Edlefsen used genetic sequencing to discover new evidence that the first vaccine shown to prevent HIV infection in people also affected the viruses in those who did become infected.
Genetic Risk Factor Found for Inflammation in African-American Women
American Journal of Human Genetics, September 7, 2012
Research led by Alexander Reiner has identified a gene difference that helps explain why African-American women have higher blood levels of a protein that may increase heart-attack risk.
Text Messaging Improves Attendance at Follow-up Clinic Visits in Kenya
PLoS One Journal, September 5, 2012
Men in Kenya who received daily text messages after they were circumcised were more likely to attend a follow-up visit to check for complications from the procedure, according to a study led by Thomas Odeny, a post-graduate fellow at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
Lessons Shared from Restaurant Menu-Labeling Policy
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, September 1, 2012
People seeking to build a healthier environment through better nutrition can learn from the policy-making experiences in the Seattle area, according to a new study led by Donna Johnson.
Americans Gaining More Weight Than They Say
Preventive Medicine, August 21, 2012
The typical American reported losing weight while obesity actually increased, according to research from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
Children Sleep Better When They Watch Less Violent TV
Pediatrics, August 6, 2012
Preschool-age children who switched from violent media content to programs like "Sesame Street" slept much better at night. The study was led by Michelle Garrison, acting assistant professor of health services.
Why Our Bodies Can't Adequately Fight HIV
Journal of Virology, August 1, 2012
Michael Gale and colleagues have shed light on why the human body cannot adequately fight off HIV.
Antiretroviral Drugs Show Promise in HIV Prevention
New England Journal of Medicine, July 11, 2012
Antiretroviral drugs can help protect healthy people exposed to HIV, according to a study carried out by the UW's International Clinical Research Center in Kenya and Uganda.
Pregnant Ugandan Women Don't Always Use Mosquito Nets
PLoS One Journal, June 22, 2012
More than a quarter of pregnant women in Uganda who had access to insecticide-treated mosquito nets did not regularly use them, according to a study led by Laura Sangare, former senior fellow in Global Health.
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